|Posting Title:||SRO-SA National Consultant (Principal, technical lead on goods) Mozambique|
|Department/Office:||Economic Commission for Africa|
|Posting Period:||15 October 2020 – 24 October 2020|
|Job Opening Number:||20-Economic Commission for Africa-143078-Consultant|
To develop a National AfCFTA implementation strategy and an action plan for Mozambique.
The consultant will work remotely
The assignment will be completed in five (5.0) work months.The breakdown of specific deliverables within the 5.0 months will be as below.
Item Activities Date/Period
1 Recruitment of the consultant November 1, 2020
2. Conduct Stakeholder consultations November/December 2020
3. Submission of first draft of National AfCFTA implementation Strategy to MIC and UNECA 15 February, 2020
4. Review of draft by MIC/MEF/UNECA and revision by consultants February 28, 2020
5. Participation in National AfCFTA Implementation Strategy and Action Plan Validation workshop March 17-18, 2020 (tbc)
6. Submission of final National AfCFTA Implementation Strategy and Action Plan to MIC/ECA by Principal Consultant, after integrating comments at the workshop March 30, 2020
The total fees for the assignment will be US$15,000 (fifteen thousand dollars) to be paid in two equal instalments. The first instalment of US$7,500 (seven thousand and five hundred dollars) will be paid after the submission of a satisfactory first draft of the National AfCFTA Implementation Strategy and Action plan for Mozambique. The second and final instalment of US$7,500 (seven thousand and five hundred dollars) will be paid after the submission of a satisfactory final National AfCFTA Implementation Strategy and Action plan for Mozambique.
Duties and Responsibilities
National Consultant (s): Development of the National Implementation Strategy for the African Continental Free Trade Agreement
Lead Consultant: Trade in Goods Expert
The Agreement establishing the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) signed in Kigali, Rwanda, on 21 March 2018 is a key milestone in Africa’s integration Agenda. The Agreement includes the Protocol on Trade in Goods, the Protocol on Trade in Services and the Protocol on Rules and Procedures for Settlement of Disputes. These protocols are being negotiated under Phase 1. The Agreement also encompasses Protocols on Investment, Competition Policy and Intellectual Property Rights that will be negotiated under Phase 2.
The AfCFTA, due to be implemented in 2021, is expected to be a key engine of economic growth, industrialization and sustainable development in Africa in line with the 2030 Agenda adopted by the United Nations General Assembly, and the African Union (AU) Agenda 2063 titled “The Africa We Want”. Regional commitments on economic integration and industrialization should inform national development strategies.
For the AfCFTA to deliver on the expected outcomes, priority actions are to be undertaken in the short to medium run. Firstly, the ratification of the AfCFTA is critical. Efforts to support Member States in consensus-building to secure the ratification of the Agreement should be accompanied by a strengthening of the AfCFTA marketplace through continental policies on competition, investment and intellectual property rights. Secondly, there is a need to build on the political momentum behind the AfCFTA to support policy reforms that are aimed at implementing the Agreement as well as the required domestication. In this regard, it is critical for member States to undertake deliberate actions and deploy necessary efforts through national AfCFTA strategies with a view to maximize the benefits of the Agreement while minimizing potential adverse effects. The strategies should be complemented by an effective monitoring and evaluation framework that will track progress on the implementation of the Agreement.
In its role both as a think-tank and as a provider of technical assistance to African member States, the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) assumes the lead technical and coordinating role within the United Nations system for supporting African countries to become AfCFTA-ready, as part of deepening Africa’s trade integration through domestication and effective implementation of the Agreement establishing the AfCFTA. A main component of this initiative is to support African countries to develop a National AfCFTA Implementation Strategy and Action Plan for trade in goods and services based on specific requests from member states. Mozambique is among the countries under the auspices of the ECA Sub-regional Office for Southern Africa (SRO-SA) that has approached ECA for such type of technical and financial support. The Ministry of Industry and Commerce (MIC) of the Government of Mozambique has addressed in October 2019 a request for technical and financial support from ECA for the elaboration of impact studies and a National AfCFTA strategy. A scoping mission was undertaken by UNECA in Mozambique in November 2019, under the auspices of MIC and in close collaboration with the Ministry of Economy and Finance (MEF), to chart a roadmap for the Government of Mozambique on next steps to become AfCFTA-ready. As an outcome of this scoping mission, UNECA will be leading support to the Government of Mozambique in the elaboration of the impact studies and the National AfCFTA implementation strategy.
The National AfCFTA Implementation strategy and action plan are expected to identify where comparative advantages lie for each country for diversification and priority value chains development in order to support economic diversification and maximize trade potential in the context of the AfCFTA. The key cross-cutting issues to be considered in the strategy and action plan include gender, environmental and climate change mitigation, technologies and the impact on women, youth and other vulnerable groups.
The initiative acknowledges that trade liberalization policies will not achieve intended development goals if they are not designed and implemented without the adequate consideration of gender and other vulnerable groups. The liberalization of trade impacts men and women differently due to the different economic and social positions they occupy. Thus, developing a gender-sensitive approach is necessary to mitigate the negative impact of trade policies on women and enhance the positive outcomes for women which will strengthen the overall effectiveness of these policies.
It is in this context that the Government of Mozambique, through its Ministry of Industry and Commerce (lead), in close collaboration with the Ministry of Economy and Finance (MEF) and with technical and financial support from UNECA intends to recruit a Principal national consultant to develop a National AfCFTA implementation strategy and an action plan for Mozambique.
Duties and Responsibilities
The Consultant is, among other things, expected to undertake the following considerations during the assignments:
In a first instance, draw among others from the impact study to:
i. Analyse the opportunities and challenges of the AfCFTA to the country;
ii. Analyze the current situation and prospects for the primary, secondary and tertiary sectors, that is, extractive and agricultural industries (mines, farms and fisheries), manufacturing and industry in the context of regional trade and AfCFTA;
iii. Present an assessment of regional and continental opportunities for these sectors to enable the country to adopt policies aimed at benefiting from the AfCFTA;
iv. In particular, assess opportunities given by the AfCFTA to the agricultural sector, manufacturing and services sectors and sub-sectors and mention the main challenges to be faced and how to address them;
v. In particular, identify the goods sectors in which Mozambique has the greatest comparative and competitive advantage for regional economic integration, which can create opportunities to take advantage of the AfCFTA;
vi. Assess the degree of participation of Mozambique in the value chains of agricultural products, and industry as a result of its participation in SADC and prospects for AfCFTA;
In a second instance, analyze existing sectoral policies and areas for reforms and interventions so that Mozambique can better take advantage of the AfCFTA:
vii. Establish Non-Tariff Barriers (NTBs) to trade that are currently faced by Mozambican exporters and importers in the regions and beyond and devise a mechanism to deal with them in the AfCFTA National Implementation Strategy;
viii. Identify the lack of knowledge on rules of origin of the sectors involved in the implementation of the AfCFTA in order to, inter-alia, ensure the fight against dumping and illicit trade;
ix. Identify national policies aimed at facilitating trade and industrialisation in Mozambique and critically assess areas for reforms to identify focus priority policy interventions in line with AfCFTA;
x. Assess the sectoral policies existing in the energy, transport and logistics sectors (nacala, maputo / limpopo, Beira and Quelimane / macuse logistics corridors for henterland), agriculture and production with a view to carrying out reforms that can guide these sectors towards regional integration;
xi. Assess the degree of economic competitiveness of Mozambique with regard to local human capital, infrastructure, technological development, governance of Mozambican institutions and compare with those of its main SADC business partners, and the rest of the continent and propose policies to enhance competitiveness;
xii. Assess how much Mozambique benefited from the transfer of technology, and knowledge by participating in SADC and prospects for the AfCFTA;
xiii. Identify policies and reforms needed to improve the business environment in general and infrastructure deficits so as to facilitate regional trade and investment in Mozambique;
xiv. Discuss security measures to counter the increased counterfeiting of goods originating from other regional African areas;
xv. Identify opportunities of investment that will allow Mozambique to address environmental and climate-related challenges that hamper its productivity (e.g. resilient infrastructure to address natural disasters such as floods, climate-smart agriculture and sustainable industrialization);
xvi. Undertake all-inclusive consultations with all relevant stakeholders including public, private and civil society organisations;
xvii. Work closely with the two other consultants (impact study) and integrate their analysis and written inputs in the draft National AfCFTA implementation strategy to enrich the strategy at hand; concurrently provide inputs and analysis stemming from work on the strategy to them to feed into the impact study if needed;
xviii. Integrate any relevant inputs from the study on “Mozambique in Regional and Global Trade Agreements: Impacts and implications for the AfCFTA”;
xix. Develop Mozambique’s AfCFTA National Implementation Strategy that will include an Action Plan and Implementation Mechanism Structure (an all-inclusive structure);
xx. Assist with any other ad-hoc requests within the context of the process, including participating in meetings convened by MIC, MEF, and ECA;
The deliverables from this assignment will include:
i. Prepare an inception Report (5 pages minimum): The consultant will prepare an inception report within weeks of signing the contract. The inception report should outline an understanding of the scope of the assignment as well as the issues to be investigated. The inception report must also include a work plan indicating the phases in the study and report preparation, key deliverables and milestones;
ii. Incorporate the report from the secondary consultant on the services into a final product.
iii. Stakeholder consultations–A draft version of the Mozambique AfCFTA National Strategy and Action Plan to be circulated to stakeholders for comments;
iv. Validation workshop for the AfCFTA National Strategy;
v. A draft AfCFTA National Implementation Strategy and subsequently after comments a final version of the National Implementation Strategy. The Strategy will be comprehensive and will incorporate and address both goods and services sector issues as well as issues in relation to competition policy, investment and intellectual property rights.
Academic Qualifications: Advanced university degree (Master’s degree or above) in Economics, Trade, Statistics, or related fields is required. A PhD in international trade is highly desirable.
Experience: The candidate should have a minimum of seven (7) years of proven experience in trade policy formulation, regional integration and development, or related development areas in Mozambique or other related developing countries. Familiarity with data analysis using statistical packages and knowledge of econometrics and CGE modelling tools is desirable;
Language: English and French are the working languages of the United Nations. For this post, fluency in English (both oral and written) is required. Fluency in Portuguese is an advantage.
THE UNITED NATIONS DOES NOT CHARGE A FEE AT ANY STAGE OF THE RECRUITMENT PROCESS (APPLICATION, INTERVIEW MEETING, PROCESSING, OR TRAINING). THE UNITED NATIONS DOES NOT CONCERN ITSELF WITH INFORMATION ON APPLICANTS’ BANK ACCOUNTS.
To apply for this job please visit careers.un.org .